Terrace farming is a unique and highly effective solution for farming on rough terrain. But, what exactly are cultivation terraces? These are artificial constructions of platforms without a slope in which it is possible to cultivate in a normal way.
The advantages of terrace cultivation are not limited to being able to cultivate on difficult terrain, as it is a technique that prevents soil erosion. Thanks to this method, and with the help of online farming tools, it is possible to grow a multitude of plants in areas where it was previously impossible to plant anything.
What are Cultivation Terraces?
Terraces are a farming method that proposes the rearrangement of farmland or the conversion of hills into farmland by building platforms at different levels. Each platform is called a terrace.
Purpose Of Terraces In Agriculture
Any terrace farming technique seeks to retain or remove water and reduce the slope of the hill. In fact, the farming terraces are intended to intercept the water in a designated channel and dispose of it through constructed erosion-resistant ditches or underground pipe outlets. This demonstrates the effectiveness of terrace cultivation in curbing erosion and contributing to soil conservation.
How Cultivation Terraces Work
The most essential and distinctive feature of the use of terraces in agriculture is the excavation and displacement of the topsoil to form cultivated areas. The trick is that the water goes down to the lower platforms when the upper ones are full. Thus, the amount of water is distributed more or less evenly, not only at the foot of the hill.
Why are cultivation terraces necessary?
Normally, the goal of terrace farming on hillsides is to decrease water flows and prevent soil erosion . However, its use in the mountains is not the only option. In front of the stepped platforms, there are relatively flat ones on gentle slopes or undulating terrain, which shows that it applies to different elevations of the terrain.
Types of Cultivation Terraces
Cultivated surfaces with agricultural terraces are leveled or sloped, depending on the infiltration properties of the soil. If soil infiltration is sufficient, they are leveled. Drains are usually not required either.
The most popular types of cultivation terraces in agriculture are those with a wide base, a narrow base and a grass bottom. The choice depends on the steepness of the hill. Consequently, not all types imply that it will grow on all slopes.
Wide Base Terrace Cultivation
This terrace farming technique is suitable for the gentler hills and covers all slopes. Therefore, they must be adapted to the needs of the machinery, and the distance is usually equal to the number of rows of the machinery. It is forbidden to cross the hills; the team must move between them through the designated paths. The wide base ones are applicable on slopes of up to 8% .
Terracing Grass Background
This farming terrace system is an example of perennial farming . As the name suggests, the back slope cover is perennial grass. In this terracing technique for cultivation, the back slope is not cultivated, unlike the main part. Generally, the main part includes the land taken from the slope upwards, with further leveling for cultivation.
Narrow Base Terrace Cultivation
Such a terrace is another example of perennial terrace farming, but in this case, perennial vegetation covers both the front and the back . Both parts are not cultivated. As in the grass variant, the earth is usually moved from below. However, this is the steepest type and requires less land for platforms than the others.
Their alignment depends on the steepness of the slope and the type of soil . In particular, it is not suitable when the ground is prone to slipping.
Terrace Cultivation Systems
The most used systems are bank, contour and parallel terraces . Their names give an idea of their disposition.
Bench systems in agriculture resemble benches or steps on the hillside, with flat or nearly flat cultivation platforms arranged at regular intervals. This regular arrangement is labor intensive and requires intensive soil disturbance. The slopes may consist of land proper covered by perennial vegetation or may be fortified with stones.
These are the most common for rice cultivation, since they allow water to be retained. For this reason, this type of terrace cultivation arrangement is not suitable in cases such as :
- flood-sensitive crops, eg potatoes;
- terrain prone to landslides and/or landslides;
- places where frequent rains constitute the climatic patterns of the area.
Contour Terrace Farming
As in strip cropping , this system follows the contour of the relief. They are made up of rows of dots and channels of grass. Although these platforms require less inputs for their disposal, their use is difficult for agricultural activities due to the irregularities of the space.
Parallel Terrace Farming
Parallel cultivation terraces are the easiest to use for agricultural activities , so they should be kept as parallel as possible. If the slope does not allow it, they are built by leveling the land. It facilitates the movement of the machinery, but it requires a lot of labor, costs and time. In this sense, it will sometimes make sense not to treat these parts, but to leave them under perennial cover or as grass channels.
What is terracing in agriculture?
Stand is a soil conservation practice used to prevent the accumulation of precipitation runoff on sloping ground and to cause severe erosion . The terraces consist of ridges and canals built on the slope.
What is the construction of terraces in agriculture?
A land modeling method to control erosion on the slopes of mountainous terrain used for agriculture and other purposes. In initial practice, the terrain was shaped into a series of nearly flat banks or stepped formations.
What are terrestrial Terrace Farming?
These terraces, mostly made up simply of imposing rocks, are irregular, narrow and irregular and follow the relief of the mountain. Each terrace has a different type of plant which still provides enough food for the local population.
Terrace farming is practiced on the slopes of the mountains. The terraces are built on the slopes of the mountains to create a flat terrain for crops. Terrace farming is useful because it slows the flow of water flowing through the mountains. This protects the fertile soil.
What is an example of Terrace Farming?
Perhaps the most famous use of terraced farming is in the rice fields of Asia. Rice needs a lot of water, preferably a flat surface that can be flooded. Terrace cultivation is used in East and Southeast Asia for rice, barley and wheat and is an important part of the agricultural system.
What is meant by overlap?
impoverish fertility due to overproduction without sufficiently fertilizing the soil.
What are earthworks in basic research?
1. innumerable noun. Terraces are sloping grounds on which flat surfaces have been built, such as steps, so that people can grow cereals there.
What are the three types of terraces?
There are three types of terracing: terraced farmland, sloping terraced farmland, and combined terraced farmland.
What is terrace agriculture? Short answer?
Terrace cultivation, the method of growing plants on slopes or mountains by planting in terraces on terraces built on a hill. Although laborious, the method has been used effectively to maximize arable land on various terrains and reduce soil erosion and water loss.
How do terraces affect the environment?
The flow of water is controlled as each trap bridge comes out of the bridge above. Some people argue that terraces are an ecologically sustainable development because they reduce erosion during heavy rains. However, without a deep root system, stepped slopes are prone to landslides.
Why are terraces useful?
What are the advantages of a terrace system? Terraces reduce both the quantity and speed of water moving on the soil surface, greatly reducing soil erosion. The terraces thus allow for more intensive cultivation than would otherwise be possible.
What is tenth grade terrace farming?
Full answer: Terrace farming is the process of creating steps or terraces on mountain slopes for farming activities. Terrace farming is very effective in maximizing arable land area on different plots and also in reducing soil erosion and water loss.
What is class 6 terrace farming?
A terraced farm is a flat section of a mountainous surface designed as a soil protection method to slow or prevent rapid surface runoff. Often a mountainous terrain turns into multiple terraces, giving it a stepped look.
What is an example of terrace farming?
Terrace farming is an agricultural practice in which “stepping stones” are built on the slopes of hills and mountains called terraces for use in agriculture. The terraces are used extensively in Asia by rice-producing countries such as Vietnam, the Philippines and Indonesia.
Where are the terraces used?
Terrace steps are often used for agriculture in hilly or mountainous terrain. Terraced fields reduce both erosion and surface runoff and can be used to help grow crops that need irrigation, such as rice.
What are some examples of irrigation?
Some common types of irrigation systems are:
- Surface irrigation. The water is distributed over the ground by gravity without the need for a mechanical pump.
- Localized irrigation.
- Drip irrigation.
- Sprinkler irrigation.
- Center pivot irrigation.
- Side irrigation.
- Manual irrigation.
Advantages of Cultivation Terraces
Agricultural terraces as a farming system are attributed to the ancient Incas, who developed the method in the Andes. Nowadays, the use of terrace cultivation is typical in the mountainous rice fields of Asia. However, terrace farming has advantages that make it a beneficial option for any mountainous terrain, both for paddy fields and for dry land, with various crops.
So, what is the importance of cultivation terraces in mountainous areas? Its benefits are very numerous and, in particular, agriculture based on cultivation terraces:
- Increases the cultivation capacity and land productivity of sloping fields.
- Contributes to water conservation: slows down and reduces runoff and improves rainwater collection.
- Prevents soil erosion by reducing the formation of streams.
- Promotes soil conservation.
- Reduces sedimentation and water pollution. The water remains long enough for heavy particles to settle and prevent sedimentation and contamination in downstream bodies of water, but short enough not to damage crops.
Increase food production by adapting rugged terrain to agriculture.
- Increases the diversity of the ecosystem.